Hadrian's wall
Hadrian's wall

Archaeological remains show that the first group of modern people to reside in the British Isles were hunter-gatherers following the end of the last Ice Age. Whilst the date is unknown, it is considered to be as early as 8000 BC, but definitely by 5000 BC. They built mesolithic wood and stone monuments, and, between 3000 and 1600 BC, Stonehenge was built.  

Britain was a changing collection of tribal areas, with no overall leader as Celtic tribes arrived from mainland Europe. Julius Caesar attempted, unsuccessfully, to invade in 55 BC. The Romans, however, successfully invaded in 43 AD.

Writing was brought to Britain by the Romans and this is when written history began in the country. Rome ruled in Britain from 44 AD to 410 AD, but they only ruled England and Wales. The Romans never conquered Scotland north of the Clyde-Forth valley, or Ireland – their northern boundary changed from time to time, and was delineated for a period at Hadrian's Wall.

Following the Romans, two waves of immigrants came to Britain. Firstly, German tribes: the Angles, Saxons and Jutes. Then, secondly, the Vikings.

For a long period, England was split into various kingdoms. It was unified by Æthelstan (Athelstan) in 945 AD. Subsequently, by force, England and Wales were unified by Edward I (Longshanks) in the 13th century. The union with Scotland took much longer. It was plagued by hundreds of years of conflicts between both parts of Britain. This union between England and Scotland in 1707 formed the United Kingdom of Great Britain, which merged Scotland and England into one country.

So, much of what gives the UK its unique appeal for visitors is the look of its heritage buildings and the age of its ancient monuments. Its' majesty is a blend of archaeology, history and heritage.

Upcoming Departures

Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Dr Andy Fear
Duration
1 days
Price from
£140
Next date
14 August 2021
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Colonel Paul Beaver
Duration
1 days
Price from
£175
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Colonel Paul Beaver
Duration
1 days
Price from
£150
Next date
12 October 2021
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Mark Corney
Duration
1 days
Price from
£70
Next date
4 September 2021
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Marc Morris
Duration
1 days
Price from
£140
Next date
6 September 2021
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Mark Corney
Duration
1 days
Price from
£125
Next date
20 August 2021
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Dr Andrew Foxon
Duration
6 days
Price from
£1,720
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Peter Yeoman
Duration
11 days
Price from
£3,450
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Dr Denise Allen
Guide Lecturer Lindsey Davis
Duration
6 days
Price from
£2,545
Next date
12 July 2021
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Tony Wilmott
Duration
9 days
Price from
£2,370
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Mark Corney
Duration
6 days
Price from
£1,750
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Oliver Gilkes
Duration
4 days
Price from
£1,235
Next date
29 November 2021
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Dr Paul Bahn
Duration
1 days
Price from
£145
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Tony Wilmott
Duration
1 days
Price from
£130
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Dr Elizabeth Norton
Duration
1 days
Price from
£160
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Dr Tertia Barnett
Duration
1 days
Price from
£145
Next date
10 September 2021
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Dr Paul Tubb
Duration
6 days
Price from
£2,125
Next date
6 July 2021
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Dr Neil Faulkner
Duration
1 days
Price from
£130
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Elizabeth Cory Lopez
Duration
6 days
Price from
£1,600
Next date
22 December 2021
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Dr Paul Tubb
Duration
6 days
Price from
£2,020
Next date
22 December 2021
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Elizabeth Cory Lopez
Duration
8 days
Price from
£2,720
Next date
5 September 2021
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Tony O’Connor
Duration
1 days
Price from
£130
Next date
4 September 2021
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Dr Simon Elliott
Duration
3 days
Price from
£650
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Mark Corney
Duration
3 days
Price from
£655
Next date
24 September 2021
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Oliver Gilkes
Guide Lecturer Dr David Rudling
Duration
3 days
Price from
£675
Next date
20 August 2021
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Dr Andy Fear
Duration
3 days
Price from
£635
Next date
16 July 2021
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer John Oxley
Duration
3 days
Price from
£725
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Dr Emma Wells
Duration
3 days
Price from
£625
Next date
2 September 2021
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Colonel Paul Beaver
Duration
3 days
Price from
£775
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Jeremy Bennett
Duration
5 days
Price from
£2,045
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Peter Yeoman
Duration
4 days
Price from
£1,095
Next date
14 September 2021
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer John Oxley
Duration
5 days
Price from
£1,225
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer John Oxley
Duration
3 days
Price from
£1,045
Next date
1 September 2021
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Peter Berridge
Duration
4 days
Price from
£825
Next date
4 August 2021
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Peter Berridge
Duration
3 days
Price from
£745
Next date
9 August 2021
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Professor Suzannah Lipscomb
Duration
4 days
Price from
£2,320
Next date
16 September 2021
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Peter Yeoman
Duration
5 days
Price from
£1,325
Next date
15 July 2021
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Dr Joyce Tyldesley
Guide Lecturer Dr Steven Snape
Duration
1 days
Price from
£135
Next date
19 November 2021
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Mark Corney
Duration
8 days
Price from
£2,270 £2,095
Next date
30 May 2022
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Peter Yeoman
Duration
6 days
Price from
£1,795 £1,695
Next date
26 October 2022
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Mark Corney
Duration
6 days
Price from
£1,855 £1,745
Next date
16 May 2022
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Tony O’Connor
Guide Lecturer Adrian O’Neill
Duration
8 days
Price from
£2,850 £2,675
Next date
25 May 2022
Activity Level
Duration
4 days
Price from
£975
Next date
22 September 2021
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Tony O’Connor
Duration
11 days
Price from
£3,325 £3,075
Next date
7 June 2022
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Oliver Gilkes
Duration
7 days
Price from
£2,150 £1,975
Next date
20 June 2022
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Guto Rhys
Duration
8 days
Price from
£2,625 £2,445
Next date
20 June 2022
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Guto Rhys
Duration
6 days
Price from
£2,420 £2,240
Next date
1 August 2022
Activity Level
Guide Lecturer Guto Rhys
Duration
5 days
Price from
£1,850 £1,725
Next date
14 June 2022
Guide Lecturer Dr Ian Friel
Duration
1 days
Price from
£190
Next date
16 July 2022

Visa:  

UK: Not required.

USA: Not required for stays less than six months.

Currency:

Pound sterling (GBP).

Packing advice:

In the summer, wear light cotton clothes such as t-shirts, shorts, and sandals. Although, if you are planning to visit the cities and towns, you may want to bring comfortable walking shoes. Pack sunglasses, a sun visor or hat, and sunscreen for the sunnier days. It rains often, so be sure to pack a waterproof coat. In winter, it's advised to wrap up warm as it's often windy and temperatures can fall just below zero.

Cultural differences:

In a country where the favourite dish is an Indian curry and the people drive on the left side of the road, it’s easy to be a little confused about the UK. There are numerous dialects and accents can vary from south to north, and sometimes baffle even the Brits themselves. There are some regional languages including Irish Gaelic, Scottish Gaelic, and Welsh. The official state-sanctioned religion in the UK is the Church of England, which is of the Christian Protestant faith. There has however been a huge decline in the role of the Church in Britain since the middle of the last century, with less than half the population attending church services or believing in God. Modern Britain is a multi-cultural country and minority religions include Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism, Judaism and Buddhism.

Language:

English.

Tipping:

British tipping etiquette is pretty straightforward. Most bills include a form of service fee, and tipping on top of that is a personal choice. In upmarket hotels and restaurants, tips are welcomed, but not expected.

Most restaurants in the UK include a 12.5-15% tip, although it’s not universal. If no service charge policy is stated in the menu, don’t be embarrassed to ask the waiter. You’re not expected to add further gratuity if service is included. If it’s not included, the common tip is 10-15%. In pubs, tipping the barman is not customary. Andante Travels will take care of gratuities to restaurant staff, local guides and drivers.

Newsletter